The National Operational Programme for "Research and
Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of
contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion
Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions.
In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed
that a significant part of European Structural Funds should be
invested in research and innovation in the four regions within the
"Convergence" Objective (Puglia, Calabria, Sicily and Campania).
The objective is to transform these regions into drivers of social
and economic development.
To accomplish this objective the Italian Ministry of
Education, University and Research (MIUR), in its capacity as
Managing Authority (MA), and the Ministry of Economic Development
(MiSE), in its capacity as Intermediate Body (IB), have been called
upon to administer more than €6 billion and will
be defining and implementing several measures to be planned
and used comprehensively. The scope of these measures is
to produce positive effects on the lives of
citizens, on business competitiveness and
on employment prospects for younger
For this reason the NOP for R&C considers itself
figuratively a tree which, "once watered" with several measures and
specific steps, will produce vital "fruits" capable of contributing
towards those growth and development objectives for which the
European Union has provided resources.
The Programme therefore includes several measures, some
administered by MIUR and some by MiSE. Specific measures have also
been included in the Cohesion Action Plan (CAP), which was
developed by Italy in 2012. The scope of these measures is to adapt
some interventions coherently and functionally to the new social
needs that have arisen from the present economic crisis.
MIUR and MiSE have allocated the
available funds towards a structured set of measures